Markets working to support sustainable development

Oil and gas

The Ethical Trading Initiative (ETI)

Members of Ethical Trading Intiative (EITI) have to adopt the Base Code for ethical trading and sign up to the Principles of Implementation – these require a company to demonstrate its commitment to ethical trade, to integrate ethical trade into core business activities and drive year-on-year improvements. In addition they should support suppliers through training and capacity building and should report on their activities openly and accurately.

The ETI Base Code Principles are that:

The OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) declaration is a policy commitment by member governments to: improve the investment climate; encourage Multi National Enterprises (MNEs) contributions to social and economic development; and minimise and resolve difficulties from their operations. The guidelines are supported by a network of National Contact Points (NCP's), agencies established to help governments adhere to the guidelines.

Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI)

The EITI seeks to set a global standard for transparency in oil, gas and mining and is applicable to national governments. The EITI has a number of principles and indicators that are predominantly centred on improving transparency and accountability in the extractive industries.

The EITI maintains the EITI standard, which was updated in May 2013. Countries implement the EITI Standard to ensure full disclosure of taxes and other payments made by producing oil, gas and mining companies. These payments are disclosed in an annual EITI Report. 

United Nations Global Compact

The UN Global Compact  (GC) was launched in July 2000 and is a commitment by companies to incorporating environment and development principles within their business structures. Open to any company, The UN Global Compact is a ‘practical framework for the development, implementation, and disclosure of sustainability policies and practices’.

The Carbon Trust Carbon Reduction Label

The Carbon Reduction Label uses carbon foot printing to measure and display the total greenhouse emissions of a product. Products are labelled with a gram/CO2 figure. This is designed to increase the availability of information about the product to consumers and aid their purchasing decisions.

Global Reporting Initiative (G4)

The Global Reporting Initiative's (GRI) declared mission is to promote sustainability reporting so that it is of an equivalent standing to financial reporting in rigour, comparability, auditability and general acceptance.

CDP

The CDP (formerly known as Carbon Disclosure Project) is a non-profit organisation that works with market forces to disclose their impact on the environment. In this, CDP claims to motivate action to prevent climate change and protect natuarl resources.

As part of its mission, CDP has 6 programs - these are: 

Category: 

TruCost

TruCost is a sustainability reporting MGM that helps organisations to measure and manage the environmental impacts associated with their operations, supply chains and investment portfolios. As part of this, they collect data on carbon, water, waste, metals and chemicals. But they don't only focus on reporting on the physical environmental impact in quantitative terms; they also place a monetary value on any impacts found.

 The services supplied by TruCost help its clients to:

RepuTex

Mechanism: 
Carbon and ESG Indexes in Australia, Hong Kong & Mainland China

There are two distinct parts of the business; carbon analytics and data for Australian companies interested in emissions data and carbon emissions trading, and Environment, Social, and Governance performance indicator data for mainland China and Asia. 

Region: 

FTSE 4 Good Index Series

Mechanism: 
Social, Environmental and Governance Performance Indicators

The FTSE 4 Good Index Series are a number of multi-criteria performance metrics developed by FTSE 4 Good. The project began with the FTSE 4 Good UK and European indicies, which track companies' performance towards social, environmental, and governance indicators responsibility standards. Now the FTSE 4 Good has expanded its range of indices to  include other regions (e.g. Australia; added in 2008) industries that were previously excluded outright (e.g. infant formulas, 2010; and uranium extraction, 2006). 

 

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