Markets working to support sustainable development

Agriculture

Agriculture including consumption and production (includes biofuels)

IFOAM Organic

The International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) is an umbrella organisation that seeks to harmonise organic standards worldwide.

The IFOAM Organic Guarantee System (OGS)

  • The IFOAM Basic Standard – the so-called standard for standards
  • The IFOAM Accreditation Criteria, which establishes requirements for certification bodies to be IFOAM accredited
  • The IFOAM Accreditation Program

The Basic Standard Main Principles:

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EU Organic

In order to give consumers confidence when buying organic food, all products that are labelled organic in the EU fall under Council Regulation (EC) No. 834/2007.

As part of the regulation, only food that meets certain strict criteria can be labelled organic - these are:

  • at least 95% of the product's ingredients of agricultural origin have been organically produced;

  • the product complies with the rules of the official inspection scheme;

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Climatop

Using Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) products are carbon footprinted from production through to disposal. Carbon footprinting is undertaken and audited by an independent third party organisation to ISO14040 standards.

Products can display the climatop label if their carbon footprint is relatively (at least 20%) lower than ones of a representative reference group, as well as complying with a set of environmental, social and ethical requirements. Products are allowed to display the label for 2 years before they are reassessed.

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The Carbon Trust Carbon Reduction Label

The Carbon Reduction Label uses carbon foot printing to measure and display the total greenhouse emissions of a product. Products are labelled with a gram/CO2 figure. This is designed to increase the availability of information about the product to consumers and aid their purchasing decisions.

Global Reporting Initiative (G4)

The Global Reporting Initiative's (GRI) declared mission is to promote sustainability reporting so that it is of an equivalent standing to financial reporting in rigour, comparability, auditability and general acceptance.

CDP

The CDP (formerly known as Carbon Disclosure Project) is a non-profit organisation that works with market forces to disclose their impact on the environment. In this, CDP claims to motivate action to prevent climate change and protect natuarl resources.

As part of its mission, CDP has 6 programs - these are: 

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TruCost

TruCost is a sustainability reporting MGM that helps organisations to measure and manage the environmental impacts associated with their operations, supply chains and investment portfolios. As part of this, they collect data on carbon, water, waste, metals and chemicals. But they don't only focus on reporting on the physical environmental impact in quantitative terms; they also place a monetary value on any impacts found.

 The services supplied by TruCost help its clients to:

RepuTex

Mechanism: 
Carbon and ESG Indexes in Australia, Hong Kong & Mainland China

There are two distinct parts of the business; carbon analytics and data for Australian companies interested in emissions data and carbon emissions trading, and Environment, Social, and Governance performance indicator data for mainland China and Asia. 

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FTSE 4 Good Index Series

Mechanism: 
Social, Environmental and Governance Performance Indicators

The FTSE 4 Good Index Series are a number of multi-criteria performance metrics developed by FTSE 4 Good. The project began with the FTSE 4 Good UK and European indicies, which track companies' performance towards social, environmental, and governance indicators responsibility standards. Now the FTSE 4 Good has expanded its range of indices to  include other regions (e.g. Australia; added in 2008) industries that were previously excluded outright (e.g. infant formulas, 2010; and uranium extraction, 2006). 

 

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