Standard & Poor are major providers of worldwide financial information provision and today operate in 23 countries. They currently provide information and ratings ranging from equity markets to the risk of national bonds. Standard & Poor offer four indices related to Carbon and Environmental, Social and Corporate Governance (ESG):
Fair Wild is a certification option for sustainably collected wild plants, fungi and lichen species across the world. It includes criteria for ecological sustainability as well as aspects of fair trade and social sustainability.
Guided by 11 principles:
FSC Certified products are verified from the forest of origin through the supply chain. Products are from responsibly harvested and verified sources, and certification is designed to link sustainable production with concerned consumers.
Principles and Criteria (Version 5, 2012)
The Roundtable for Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) promotes the growth and use of sustainable oil palm products through what the RSPO calls “credible global standards and engagement of stakeholders”.
The RSPO is a forum for discussion of palm oil sustainability, in addition it has produced a set of standards for RSPO certified palm oil. Members wishing to sell RSPO certified palm oil must comply with the production and supply chain standards detailed below. Certification is by an independent third party auditor.
ISO 14001 is a “generic management system standard” that has a set of requirements for implementing an environmental management system (EMS).
It can be applied to any organisation, whatever its product or service, in any sector of activity, and whether it is a business, public administration or government department.
The EMS should enable an organisation to develop and implement a policy and objective that takes into account legal requirements, specific requirements of the organisation, and environmental aspects.
The PEFC is a non-profit, non-governmental programme to promote sustainable forestry. Its certification scheme covers both production and trade standards.
Production – PEFC Sustainable Forestry Management Certification
UTZ Certified support sustainable agricultural supply chains through their code of conduct and certification.Primarily for coffee, however UTZ certification can also be found for cocoa and tea, and UTZ Certified is responsible for managing traceability of RSPO certified palm oil.
Producers of UTZ Certified coffee are rewarded with a 'premium' that is negotiated between buyer and seller. UTZ does not set the premium, nor involve itself in this negotiation, however it does provide producers with aggregated market information on the average premiums paid and volumes sold in country.
In adhering to the sustainability standards developed by the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC), wild-capture fisheries from around the world can be recognised for specific management practices by the MSC label applied to the produce of these fisheries. In this, consumers are granted the choice between certified and non-certified fish products.
Fairtrade is a tool for development that ensures disadvantaged farmers and workers in developing countries get a better deal through the use of the international FAIRTRADE Mark. By complying with standards set by the Fairtrade Labelling Organisation (FLO) producers receive a guaranteed minimum price as well as the Fairtrade premium.
Kiva is a non-profit organisation that uses lending to alleviate poverty around the world.
Using the internet, Kiva allows individuals to loan as little as $25 to people who then use it to build opportunities for themselves. Kiva then distributes the money to the borrowers through a global network of field partners.