The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) declaration is a policy commitment by member governments to: improve the investment climate; encourage Multi National Enterprises (MNEs) contributions to social and economic development; and minimise and resolve difficulties from their operations. The guidelines are supported by a network of National Contact Points (NCP's), agencies established to help governments adhere to the guidelines.
The EITI seeks to set a global standard for transparency in oil, gas and mining and is applicable to national governments. The EITI has a number of principles and indicators that are predominantly centred on improving transparency and accountability in the extractive industries.
The EITI maintains the EITI standard, which was updated in May 2013. Countries implement the EITI Standard to ensure full disclosure of taxes and other payments made by producing oil, gas and mining companies. These payments are disclosed in an annual EITI Report.
All ICMM members are required to implement the Sustainable Development Framework. This includes integrating a set of 10 principles and six supporting position statements into corporate policy, as well as setting up transparent and accountable reporting practices.
The UN Global Compact (GC) was launched in July 2000 and is a commitment by companies to incorporating environment and development principles within their business structures. Open to any company, The UN Global Compact is a ‘practical framework for the development, implementation, and disclosure of sustainability policies and practices’.
Financial Institutions that sign the Equator Principles (EPFIs) can ensure that the projects they fund are developed in a way that pays attention to social and environmental issues.
The Principles are global and they can be applied across all industry sectors through four financial products - these are: project finance advisory services; project finance; project related corporate loans; and bridge loans. Projects must have total project capital costs of USD 10 million or more.
Equator Principles III
The Principles on Resposible Investment (PRI) are designed to provide a framework for investors to consider issues around the environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues that can affect investment portfolios. They were launched by UN Secretary-General in April 2006 at New York Stock Exchange and state:
The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) aims to certify that rough diamonds have not been sold to fund conflicts, i.e. that they are not ‘conflict’ or ‘blood’ diamonds. The KPCS entered into force in 2003.
The process brings together diamond exporting and importing states along with industry organisations and civil society groups.
The International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) is an umbrella organisation that seeks to harmonise organic standards worldwide.
The IFOAM Organic Guarantee System (OGS)
- The IFOAM Basic Standard – the so-called standard for standards
- The IFOAM Accreditation Criteria, which establishes requirements for certification bodies to be IFOAM accredited
- The IFOAM Accreditation Program
The Basic Standard Main Principles:
The Carbon Reduction Label uses carbon foot printing to measure and display the total greenhouse emissions of a product. Products are labelled with a gram/CO2 figure. This is designed to increase the availability of information about the product to consumers and aid their purchasing decisions.
The Global Reporting Initiative's (GRI) declared mission is to promote sustainability reporting so that it is of an equivalent standing to financial reporting in rigour, comparability, auditability and general acceptance.