Markets working to support sustainable development

North America

IFOAM Organic

The International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) is an umbrella organisation that seeks to harmonise organic standards worldwide.

The IFOAM Organic Guarantee System (OGS)

  • The IFOAM Basic Standard – the so-called standard for standards
  • The IFOAM Accreditation Criteria, which establishes requirements for certification bodies to be IFOAM accredited
  • The IFOAM Accreditation Program

The Basic Standard Main Principles:

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The Carbon Trust Carbon Reduction Label

The Carbon Reduction Label uses carbon foot printing to measure and display the total greenhouse emissions of a product. Products are labelled with a gram/CO2 figure. This is designed to increase the availability of information about the product to consumers and aid their purchasing decisions.

Global Reporting Initiative (G4)

The Global Reporting Initiative's (GRI) declared mission is to promote sustainability reporting so that it is of an equivalent standing to financial reporting in rigour, comparability, auditability and general acceptance.

CDP Forests Program (formerly Forest Footprint Disclosure Project)

CDP is a non-profit organisation that works to transform the way the world does business so as to prevent climate change and portect natural resources. As part of this mission, CDP's forests program helps companies and their investors to understand and address the risk of deforestation by requiring companies to provide data so that investors can judge how they are managing their exposure to deforestation.

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CDP

The CDP (formerly known as Carbon Disclosure Project) is a non-profit organisation that works with market forces to disclose their impact on the environment. In this, CDP claims to motivate action to prevent climate change and protect natuarl resources.

As part of its mission, CDP has 6 programs - these are: 

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TruCost

TruCost is a sustainability reporting MGM that helps organisations to measure and manage the environmental impacts associated with their operations, supply chains and investment portfolios. As part of this, they collect data on carbon, water, waste, metals and chemicals. But they don't only focus on reporting on the physical environmental impact in quantitative terms; they also place a monetary value on any impacts found.

 The services supplied by TruCost help its clients to:

FTSE 4 Good Index Series

Mechanism: 
Social, Environmental and Governance Performance Indicators

The FTSE 4 Good Index Series are a number of multi-criteria performance metrics developed by FTSE 4 Good. The project began with the FTSE 4 Good UK and European indicies, which track companies' performance towards social, environmental, and governance indicators responsibility standards. Now the FTSE 4 Good has expanded its range of indices to  include other regions (e.g. Australia; added in 2008) industries that were previously excluded outright (e.g. infant formulas, 2010; and uranium extraction, 2006). 

 

Dow Jones Sustainability Indices

The Dow Jones Sustainability Indices comprise a number of indices all focused around the same methodology covering leading companies in markets across the globe in terms of sustainability performance.

Standard & Poor’s Carbon & ESG Indices

Standard & Poor are major providers of worldwide  financial information provision and today operate in 23 countries. They currently provide information and ratings ranging from equity markets to the risk of national bonds.  Standard & Poor offer four indices related to Carbon and Environmental, Social and Corporate Governance (ESG):

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