Markets working to support sustainable development

Europe

The Kimberley Process

The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) aims to certify that rough diamonds have not been sold to fund conflicts, i.e. that they are not ‘conflict’ or ‘blood’ diamonds. The KPCS entered into force in 2003.

The process brings together diamond exporting and importing states along with industry organisations and civil society groups.

The Union for Ethical BioTrade (UEBT)

The Union for Ethical BioTrade (UEBT) is a certification scheme for the ethical sourcing of all natural ingredients within a member's products (10/13). Members are allowed to set their own targets for compliance within the supply chains that source the ingredients of their products, provided it is made public.

Soil Association Certification

Mechanism: 
Certification scheme

The Soil Association Organic Certification scheme certifies a range of products as organic, according to the EU standards. Accordingly, every step of the production chain must be certified as organic in order to achieve accreditation. The range of organic products now being offered extends from farming, catering, food & drink, textiles & health and beauty. The Soil Association also runs a separate wood certification scheme in conjunction with the Forestry Stewardship Council (FSC). 

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IFOAM Organic

The International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) is an umbrella organisation that seeks to harmonise organic standards worldwide.

The IFOAM Organic Guarantee System (OGS)

  • The IFOAM Basic Standard – the so-called standard for standards
  • The IFOAM Accreditation Criteria, which establishes requirements for certification bodies to be IFOAM accredited
  • The IFOAM Accreditation Program

The Basic Standard Main Principles:

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EU Organic

In order to give consumers confidence when buying organic food, all products that are labelled organic in the EU fall under Council Regulation (EC) No. 834/2007.

As part of the regulation, only food that meets certain strict criteria can be labelled organic - these are:

  • at least 95% of the product's ingredients of agricultural origin have been organically produced;

  • the product complies with the rules of the official inspection scheme;

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Climatop

Using Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) products are carbon footprinted from production through to disposal. Carbon footprinting is undertaken and audited by an independent third party organisation to ISO14040 standards.

Products can display the climatop label if their carbon footprint is relatively (at least 20%) lower than ones of a representative reference group, as well as complying with a set of environmental, social and ethical requirements. Products are allowed to display the label for 2 years before they are reassessed.

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The Carbon Trust Carbon Reduction Label

The Carbon Reduction Label uses carbon foot printing to measure and display the total greenhouse emissions of a product. Products are labelled with a gram/CO2 figure. This is designed to increase the availability of information about the product to consumers and aid their purchasing decisions.

Global Reporting Initiative (G4)

The Global Reporting Initiative's (GRI) declared mission is to promote sustainability reporting so that it is of an equivalent standing to financial reporting in rigour, comparability, auditability and general acceptance.

CDP Forests Program (formerly Forest Footprint Disclosure Project)

CDP is a non-profit organisation that works to transform the way the world does business so as to prevent climate change and portect natural resources. As part of this mission, CDP's forests program helps companies and their investors to understand and address the risk of deforestation by requiring companies to provide data so that investors can judge how they are managing their exposure to deforestation.

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CDP

The CDP (formerly known as Carbon Disclosure Project) is a non-profit organisation that works with market forces to disclose their impact on the environment. In this, CDP claims to motivate action to prevent climate change and protect natuarl resources.

As part of its mission, CDP has 6 programs - these are: 

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