The Union for Ethical BioTrade (UEBT) is a certification scheme for the ethical sourcing of all natural ingredients within a member's products (10/13). Members are allowed to set their own targets for compliance within the supply chains that source the ingredients of their products, provided it is made public.
The Soil Association Organic Certification scheme certifies a range of products as organic, according to the EU standards. Accordingly, every step of the production chain must be certified as organic in order to achieve accreditation. The range of organic products now being offered extends from farming, catering, food & drink, textiles & health and beauty. The Soil Association also runs a separate wood certification scheme in conjunction with the Forestry Stewardship Council (FSC).
The International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) is an umbrella organisation that seeks to harmonise organic standards worldwide.
The IFOAM Organic Guarantee System (OGS)
- The IFOAM Basic Standard – the so-called standard for standards
- The IFOAM Accreditation Criteria, which establishes requirements for certification bodies to be IFOAM accredited
- The IFOAM Accreditation Program
The Basic Standard Main Principles:
The Global Reporting Initiative's (GRI) declared mission is to promote sustainability reporting so that it is of an equivalent standing to financial reporting in rigour, comparability, auditability and general acceptance.
CDP is a non-profit organisation that works to transform the way the world does business so as to prevent climate change and portect natural resources. As part of this mission, CDP's forests program helps companies and their investors to understand and address the risk of deforestation by requiring companies to provide data so that investors can judge how they are managing their exposure to deforestation.
The CDP (formerly known as Carbon Disclosure Project) is a non-profit organisation that works with market forces to disclose their impact on the environment. In this, CDP claims to motivate action to prevent climate change and protect natuarl resources.
As part of its mission, CDP has 6 programs - these are:
TruCost is a sustainability reporting MGM that helps organisations to measure and manage the environmental impacts associated with their operations, supply chains and investment portfolios. As part of this, they collect data on carbon, water, waste, metals and chemicals. But they don't only focus on reporting on the physical environmental impact in quantitative terms; they also place a monetary value on any impacts found.
The services supplied by TruCost help its clients to:
The Dow Jones Sustainability Indices comprise a number of indices all focused around the same methodology covering leading companies in markets across the globe in terms of sustainability performance.
Standard & Poor are major providers of worldwide financial information provision and today operate in 23 countries. They currently provide information and ratings ranging from equity markets to the risk of national bonds. Standard & Poor offer four indices related to Carbon and Environmental, Social and Corporate Governance (ESG):
Fair Wild is a certification option for sustainably collected wild plants, fungi and lichen species across the world. It includes criteria for ecological sustainability as well as aspects of fair trade and social sustainability.
Guided by 11 principles: