The Climate, Community & Biodiversity (CCB) Standards are designed as an evaluation tool for any land management projects, including those that reduce greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and avoid the degradation of forests (and other ecosystems), as well as projects that remove carbon dioxide by sequestering carbon (e.g. reforestation and sustainable agriculture).
Established in 1991, the Global Forest & Trade Network (GFTN) is a partnership between different actors in the timber supply chain committed to ensuring a sustainable forest sector, including more than 300 companies, NGOs, communities and entrepeneurs.
The Ceres Coalition of investors, environmental organisations and other public interest groups states it’s mission as: ‘Integrating sustainability into capital markets for the health of the planet and people’. The coalition includes many Fortune 500 companies and is involved in improving the dialogue between multiple stakeholders through engagement and disclosure.
Responsible Care is a voluntary initiative in the chemical industry which ‘commits companies to work together to continuously improve the health, safety and environmental performance of their products and processes’.
It is managed by the International Council of Chemical Associations (ICCA) which is a membership organisation made up of national associations. Each of the national associations are responsible for implementing the principles of Responsible Care in their countries.
The International Cocoa Initiative (ICI) is a multi-stakeholder partnership between cocoa companies, labour unions and NGOs with the mission ‘to oversee and sustain efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labour and forced labour in the growing and processing of cocoa beans and their derivative products’.
It has adopted a programme that:
The Roundtable for a Sustainable Cocoa Economy (RSCE) ‘is an initiative for dialogue and sustainability amongst all stakeholders in the cocoa economy.' Members of the RSCE include national members of the ICCO and representatives from industry and civil society.
Members work together to set and implement objectives that are designed to make the cocoa industry sustainable. The objectives are:
Members of Ethical Trading Intiative (EITI) have to adopt the Base Code for ethical trading and sign up to the Principles of Implementation – these require a company to demonstrate its commitment to ethical trade, to integrate ethical trade into core business activities and drive year-on-year improvements. In addition they should support suppliers through training and capacity building and should report on their activities openly and accurately.
The ETI Base Code Principles are that:
The Ethical Tea Partnership (ETP) ‘aims to drive positive change across the tea sector and ensure that our members’ tea comes from sustainable sources. Membership is open to any tea packing company that sells tea to markets in the EU, Canada, USA, Australia and New Zealand.
As part of the FLEGT process, the EU establishes bilateral Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPAs) with developing countries to guarantee that wood exported to the EU is legal. In addition, the VPA supports partner countries in improving their own regulation and forest governance procedures.
The VPAs includes 3 main elements:
The Better Cotton Standard System was designed by the Better Cotton Intiative (BCI) to entrench sustainable development goals within the global cotton industry, to encourage good practice and to establish better cotton as a sustainable mainstream commodity.
The Standard System defines better cotton through a set of production principles and criteria - these say that better cotton is produced by farmers who: