Norms and standards
The World Trade Organisation (WTO) Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) looks to limit the negative impact that some regulations and standards may have on free trade, while also allowing members the right to implement legitimate policy objectives including the protection of fauna and flora.
The overarching goal of the aggreement is therefore ensure that ‘unnecessary obstacles to trade’ are avoided. Such obstacles may include:
In order to give consumers confidence when buying organic food, all products that are labelled organic in the EU fall under Council Regulation (EC) No. 834/2007.
As part of the regulation, only food that meets certain strict criteria can be labelled organic - these are:
at least 95% of the product's ingredients of agricultural origin have been organically produced;
the product complies with the rules of the official inspection scheme;
The National Organic Program (NOP) details both production and labelling standards for 'organic' products produced and sold in the USA. Agricultural products labelled as organic must originate from farms or handling operations certified by a USDA accredited entity (State or private).
Production Standards - Crops raised without: