Markets working to support sustainable development

Information

(certification and PVS, sustainability metrics, sustainability reporting, sustainability disclosure regulation)

The Union for Ethical BioTrade (UEBT)

The Union for Ethical BioTrade (UEBT) is a certification scheme for the ethical sourcing of all natural ingredients within a member's products (10/13). Members are allowed to set their own targets for compliance within the supply chains that source the ingredients of their products, provided it is made public.

Soil Association Certification

Mechanism: 
Certification scheme

The Soil Association Organic Certification scheme certifies a range of products as organic, according to the EU standards. Accordingly, every step of the production chain must be certified as organic in order to achieve accreditation. The range of organic products now being offered extends from farming, catering, food & drink, textiles & health and beauty. The Soil Association also runs a separate wood certification scheme in conjunction with the Forestry Stewardship Council (FSC). 

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IFOAM Organic

The International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) is an umbrella organisation that seeks to harmonise organic standards worldwide.

The IFOAM Organic Guarantee System (OGS)

  • The IFOAM Basic Standard – the so-called standard for standards
  • The IFOAM Accreditation Criteria, which establishes requirements for certification bodies to be IFOAM accredited
  • The IFOAM Accreditation Program

The Basic Standard Main Principles:

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EU Organic

In order to give consumers confidence when buying organic food, all products that are labelled organic in the EU fall under Council Regulation (EC) No. 834/2007.

As part of the regulation, only food that meets certain strict criteria can be labelled organic - these are:

  • at least 95% of the product's ingredients of agricultural origin have been organically produced;

  • the product complies with the rules of the official inspection scheme;

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Climatop

Using Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) products are carbon footprinted from production through to disposal. Carbon footprinting is undertaken and audited by an independent third party organisation to ISO14040 standards.

Products can display the climatop label if their carbon footprint is relatively (at least 20%) lower than ones of a representative reference group, as well as complying with a set of environmental, social and ethical requirements. Products are allowed to display the label for 2 years before they are reassessed.

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The Carbon Trust Carbon Reduction Label

The Carbon Reduction Label uses carbon foot printing to measure and display the total greenhouse emissions of a product. Products are labelled with a gram/CO2 figure. This is designed to increase the availability of information about the product to consumers and aid their purchasing decisions.

Green Watch

The Green Watch program entails the collection of information regarding the environmental performance of companies which are then graded using a colour coding system. This information is then publicly distributed to remove information asymmetries between polluters and groups such as consumers and citizens, hopefully resulting in polluters changing their behaviour.

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Industrial EcoWatch

The Industrial EcoWatch has two primary objectives:To promote mandatory self-monitoring and compliance with environmental standards and to encourage voluntary self-regulation among establishments for improved environmental performance by:• encouraging pollution-reduction beyond compliance through public recognition and praise, and• creating incentives for dischargers and/or producers.To build or enhance the capability of establishments and/or their associations for self- regulation by:• developing internal environmental management systems, and• promoting the use of international environment

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Global Reporting Initiative (G4)

The Global Reporting Initiative's (GRI) declared mission is to promote sustainability reporting so that it is of an equivalent standing to financial reporting in rigour, comparability, auditability and general acceptance.

CDP Forests Program (formerly Forest Footprint Disclosure Project)

CDP is a non-profit organisation that works to transform the way the world does business so as to prevent climate change and portect natural resources. As part of this mission, CDP's forests program helps companies and their investors to understand and address the risk of deforestation by requiring companies to provide data so that investors can judge how they are managing their exposure to deforestation.

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