Crowd-funding is a collection of finance to sustain an intiative from a large pool of backers - i.e. a crowd. And Abundance Generation use that model to fund renewable energy projects using their online platform as a brokerage site.
The Forest Carbon Partnership Facility is an initiative hosted by the World Bank and designed to assist ‘tropical and subtropical forest countries develop the systems and policies for REDD+’. REDD is an innovative market-based instrument designed to place value on standing forests and so reduce emissions from forest destruction and deforestation.
The FCPF has two main components:
The Clean Technology Fund (CTF) is a Climate Investment Fund (CIF) administered by Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) and is designed to finance demonstration, deployment and transfer of low emissions technologies to middle-income countries.
The Global Environment Fund is an investment firm deticated to the energy, environment and natural resource sectors and it is a signatory on the United Nations Principle for Responsible Investing. In it's pursuit of sustainability and well-placed capital, it works to uphold standards in three areas - these are:
The Strategic Climate Fund (SCF) is one of two Climate Investment Funds administered by Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) and is designed to fund and pilot ‘new approaches with potential for scaled-up, transformational action aimed at a specific climate change challenge or sectoral response’.
The MDBs involved are: African Development Bank; Asian Development Bank; European Bank for Reconstruction and Development; Inter-American Development Bank; World Bank Group. In total the SCF commands a budget of US$ 1.9 billion and invests this through 3 targeted programmes:
The Global Environmental Facility (GEF) is an independent financial organisation that invests in projects related to biodiversity, climate change, international waters, land degradation, the ozone layer, and persistent organic pollutants.