A briefing analysing informal artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) discusses the need for a more inclusive approach that can bring benefits to a greater number of workers.
Orthodox approaches have often failed to understand the multi-tiered labour structures within informal ASM. This briefing suggests an analysis of the socio-political roots of ASM, which unpicks the complex labour structures and examines how the industry fits within the broader mining sector.
To date formalisation efforts have not reached the bulk of the casual ASM workforce, who because of their lack of skills or capital, are often marginalised and exploited, particularly as they don’t hold mining licences. Via a case study of ASM in the Philippines, the briefing reveals potential opportunities in pursuing 'bottom-up' processes which can provide social security, health and other benefits to the marginalised workers.
For more information read the briefing here: http://pubs.iied.org/pdfs/17262IIED.pdf